Protected Resources

Updated: January 2018

Marine Protected Species of Mariana Islands

Marine Mammals

All marine mammals are protected under the Marine Mammal Protection Act. Those identified under the Endangered Species Act Listing are also protected under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).

Common Name Scientific Name ESA Listing
Blue Whale Balaenoptera musculus Endangered
Blainville's Beaked Whale Mesoplodon densirostris
Bryde's Whale Balaenoptera edeni
Cuvier's Beaked Whale Ziphius cavirostris
Dwarf Sperm Whale Kogia simus
False Killer Whale Pseudorca crassidens
Fin Whale Balaenoptera physalus Endangered
Humpback Whale Megaptera novaeangliae Endangered
Killer Whale Orcinus orca
Long-finned Pilot Whale Globicephala melaena
Longman's Beaked Whale Indopacetus pacificus
Melon-Headed Whale Peponocephala electra
Minke Whale Balaenoptera acutorostrata
Pygmy Killer Whale Feresa attenuata
Pygmy Sperm Whale Kogia breviceps
Sei Whale Balaenoptera borealis Endangered
Short-Finned Pilot Whale Globicephala macrorhynchus
Sperm Whale Physeter macrocephalus Endangered
Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops truncatus
Common Dolphin Delphinus delphis
Fraser's Dolphin Lagenodelphis hosei
Pantropical Spotted Dolphin Stenella attenuata
Risso's Dolphin Grampus griseus
Rough-toothed Dolphin Steno bredanensis
Spinner Dolphin Stenella longirostris
Striped Dolphin Stenella coeruleoalba
Dugong* Dugong dugon Endangered
Northern Elephant Seal Mirounga angustirostris

* Dugongs are under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Sea Turtles

All sea turtles are protected under the Endangered Species Act.

Common Name Scientific Name ESA Listing
Green Turtle, Central West Pacific DPS Chelonia mydas Endangered
Hawksbill Turtle Eretmochelys imbricata Endangered
Leatherback Turtle Dermochelys coriacea Endangered
Loggerhead Turtle, North Pacific DPS Caretta caretta Endangered
Olive Ridley Turtle Lepidochelys olivacea Threatened


Common Name Scientific Name ESA Listing
Scalloped Hammerhead Shark, Indo-West Pacific DPS Sphyrna lewini Threatened
Giant Manta Ray Manta birostris Threatened
Oceanic Whitetip Shark Carcharhinus longimanus Threatened


NOAA Fisheries has listed coral species in the Marianas Islands (Guam and CNMI) as threatened under the ESA. This list represents the best available information on species presence at this time but could change as additional information becomes available.

Common Name Scientific Name ESA Listing
Seriatopora aculeata Threatened
Acropora globiceps Threatened
Acropora retusa Threatened

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