Protected Resources

ESA Section 6 Program

Section 6 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) allows state agencies (including American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and Guam) to enter into cooperative agreements with NOAA Fisheries Service to enhance collaborative efforts focused on the conservation of threatened, endangered, candidate, and proposed species.

Under section 6, a state agency may enter into an agreement with NOAA Fisheries Service if it establishes and maintains an "adequate and active" program for the conservation of endangered and threatened species. After the agreement is in place, NOAA Fisheries Service may assist, and provide federal funding for the implementation of the state's conservation program.


Within the Pacific Islands Region, NMFS has entered into section 6 cooperative agreements with

Annual Review

NOAA Fisheries Service conducts a statutorily required annual review of all section 6 agreements to ensure that its partner states are maintaining active and adequate programs for endangered and threatened species conservation. States are required each year to submit information to NOAA Fisheries Service to assist in this review.

Species Recovery Grants Program

NOAA Fisheries Service annually advertises a competitive Species Recovery Grants to States (ESA Section 6) Grants Program open only to states with cooperative agreements in place. Federal funding, provided through these grants, can be used to support management, outreach, research, and monitoring projects that have direct conservation benefits for listed species, recently de-listed species, and candidate species that reside within that State. Since it began in 2003, the Species Recovery Grants program has provided close to $30 million dollars in Federal funding for species recovery projects being carried out by state agencies.

Projects, funded through the Species Recovery Grants Program are a vital component of the broader NMFS species recovery program. As more state partnerships are formed through the ESA section 6 program, and as additional funding becomes available, more listed and candidate marine species will benefit. Ultimately, the goal of these efforts is to restore imperiled species making ESA protection unnecessary and allow for de-listing of species.

Eligible Species

Funding through this program may be used to support conservation efforts for listed, de-listed and candidate species, as well as species proposed for listing; however, threatened and endangered species receive higher priority when funding decisions are made. Within the Pacific Islands Region, the following species under the jurisdiction of NOAA are listed as either threatened or endangered:



Additional Resources

For more information please contact:

David Nichols, Pacific Islands Region, Section 6 Coordinator
Phone: (808)944-2243

Lisa Manning, National Section 6 Coordinator and Species Recovery Grants Federal Program Officer
Phone: (301)427-8466