Sustainable Fisheries Division

Juvenile tuna, photo courtesy of Dave Itano

Updated: July 19, 2018

Annual Catch Limits

 

For More Information

Annual catch limits (ACLs) are tools to prevent overfishing in commercial and recreational fisheries. The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) administers limits for the following Pacific Island fisheries:

Pelagic
Hawaii
American Samoa
Guam
Mariana Archipelago - CNMI
Pacific Remote Island Areas

Pelagic (view map)
Fishery
Species
2018 Annual Limit
(metric tons)
Estimated Catch
(metric tons)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bigeye Tuna
3,554
2,741
77%
Open
CNMI Longline
Bigeye Tuna
TBD
0
0
Open
Guam Longline
Bigeye Tuna
TBD
0
0
Open
American Samoa Longline
Bigeye Tuna
TBD
0
0
Open
Bigeye Tuna
750 (for vessels > 24 m)
298
40%
Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for most pelagic species because they are subject to international fishing agreements or have life cycles of less than a year.

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Hawaii (view map)
Fishery
Species
2017-2018 Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Main Hawaiian Islands Deep 7 Bottomfish (Lehi, Ehu, Onaga, Opakapaka, Kalekale, Gindai, Hapu'upu'u)
306,000
209,241
68%
Open
Fishery
Species
2017 Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Non-Deep 7 Bottomfish
TBD
Open
Crustacean
Deepwater Shrimp
250,773
Open
Kona Crab
3,500
Open
Spiny Lobster
15,000
Open
Slipper Lobster
280
Open
Precious Coral
Black Coral - Auau Channel
5,512
Open
Pink Coral - Makapuu Bed
2,205
Open
Pink Coral - Brooks Bank
979
Open
Pink Coral - 180 Fathom Bank
489
Open
Pink Coral - Kaena Point Bed
148
Open
Pink Coral - Keahole Bed
148
Open
Bamboo Coral - Makapuu Bed
551
Open
Bamboo Coral - Brooks Bank
245
Open
Bamboo Coral - 180 Fathom Bank
123
Open
Bamboo Coral - Kaena Point Bed
37
Open
Bamboo Coral - Keahole Bed
37
Open
Precious Corals in the Hawaii Exploratory Area
2,205
Open
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Selar crumenophthalmus (akule, bigeye scad)
TBD
Open
Decapterus macarellus (opelu, mackerel scad)
TBD
Open
Acanthuridae (surgeonfish)
TBD
Open
Lutjanidae (snappers)
TBD
Open
Scaridae (parrotfish)
TBD
Open
Labridae (wrasses)
TBD
Open
Mullidae (goatfish)
TBD
Open
Carangidae (jacks)
TBD
Open
Holocentridae (squirrelfish)
TBD
Open
Serranidae (groupers)
TBD
Open
Kyphosidae (rudderfish)
TBD
Open
Lethrinidae (emperors)
TBD
Open
Mollusks (octopus)
TBD
Open
Crustaceans (crabs)
TBD
Open
Mugilidae (mullets)
TBD
Open
Carcharhinidae (reef sharks)
TBD
Open
All other coral reef ecosystem species combined
TBD
Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for stocks subject to federal fishing moratoria or prohibitions. These include all species of gold coral, all species of deepwater precious coral at Wespac Bed in the NWHI, and the three Hawaii seamount groundfish: pelagic armorhead, alfonsin and raft fish. The current prohibition on fishing for these species serves as a functional equivalent of an ACL of zero.

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American Samoa (view map)
Fishery
Species
2017 Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Bottomfish multi-species stock complex
106,000
Open
Crustacean
Deepwater Shrimp
80,000
Open
Spiny Lobster
4,845
Open
Kona Crab
3,200
Open
Slipper Lobster
30
Open
Precious Coral
Precious Corals in the American Samoa Exploratory Area
2,205
Open
Black Coral
790
Open
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Scaridae (parrotfish)
TBD
Open
Acanthuridae (surgeonfish)
TBD
Open
Lutjanidae (snappers)
TBD
Open
Selar crumenophthalmus (akule, bigeye scad)
TBD
Open
Serranidae (groupers)
TBD
Open
Carangidae (jacks)
TBD
Open
Lethrinidae (emperors)
TBD
Open
Mollusks (turbo snail, octopus, giant clams)
TBD
Open
Labridae (wrasses)
TBD
Open
Holocentridae (squirrelfish)
TBD
Open
Mullidae (goatfish)
TBD
Open
Mugilidae (mullets)
TBD
Open
Crustaceans (crabs)
TBD
Open
Kyphosidae (rudderfish)
TBD
Open
Cheilinus undulatus (Humphead "Napoleon" wrasse)
TBD
Open
Carcharhinidae (reef sharks)
TBD
Open
Bolbometopon muricatum (bumphead parrotfish)
TBD
Open
Siganidae (rabbitfish)
TBD
Open
All other coral reef ecosystem species combined
TBD
Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for stocks subject to federal fishing moratoria or prohibitions, including gold corals. The current prohibition on fishing serves as a functional equivalent of an ACL of zero.

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Guam (view map)
Fishery
Species
2017 Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Bottomfish multi-species stock complex
66,000
Open
Crustacean
Deepwater Shrimp
48,488
Open
Spiny Lobster
3,135
Open
Kona Crab
1,900
Open
Slipper Lobster
20
Open
Precious Coral
Precious Corals in the Guam Exploratory Area
2,205
Open
Black Coral
700
Open
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Acanthuridae (surgeonfish)
TBD
Open
Scaridae (parrotfish)
TBD
Open
Lethrinidae (emperors)
TBD
Open
Selar crumenophthalmus (atulai, bigeye scad)
TBD
Open
Labridae (wrasses)
TBD
Open
Mollusks (octopus)
TBD
Open
Serranidae (groupers)
TBD
Open
Carangidae (jacks)
TBD
Open
Siganidae (rabbitfish)
TBD
Open
Lutjanidae (snappers)
TBD
Open
Mugilidae (mullets)
TBD
Open
Mullidae (goatfish)
TBD
Open
Holocentridae (squirrelfish)
TBD
Open
Kyphosidae (chubs / rudderfish)
TBD
Open
Crustaceans (crabs)
TBD
Open
Cheilinus undulatus (Humphead "Napoleon" wrasse)
TBD
Open
Carcharhinidae (reef sharks)
TBD
Open
Bolbometopon muricatum (bumphead parrotfish)
TBD
Open
All other coral reef ecosystem species combined
TBD
Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for stocks subject to federal fishing moratoria or prohibitions, including gold corals. The current prohibition on fishing serves as a functional equivalent of an ACL of zero.

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Mariana Archipelago - CNMI (view map)
Fishery
Species
2017 Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Bottomfish multi-species stock complex
228,000
Open
Crustacean
Deepwater Shrimp
275,570
Open
Spiny Lobster
7,410
Open
Kona Crab
6,300
Open
Slipper Lobster
60
Open
Precious Coral
Black Coral
2,100
Open
Precious Corals in the CNMI Exploratory Area
2,205
Open
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Acanthuridae (surgeonfish)
TBD
Open
Lutjanidae (snappers)
TBD
Open
Scaridae (parrotfish)
TBD
Open
Serranidae (groupers)
TBD
Open
Selar crumenophthalmus (atulai, bigeye scad)
TBD
Open
Holocentridae (squirrelfish)
TBD
Open
Labridae (wrasses)
TBD
Open
Lethrinidae (emperors)
TBD
Open
Carangidae (jacks)
TBD
Open
Mullidae (goatfish)
TBD
Open
Kyphosidae (rudderfish)
TBD
Open
Siganidae (rabbitfish)
TBD
Open
Mollusks (turbo snail, octopus, giant clams)
TBD
Open
Carcharhinidae (reef sharks)
TBD
Open
Mugilidae (mullets)
TBD
Open
Crustaceans (crabs)
TBD
Open
Cheilinus undulatus (Humphead "Napoleon" wrasse)
TBD
Open
Bolbometopon muricatum (bumphead parrotfish)
TBD
Open
All other coral reef ecosystem species combined
TBD
Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for stocks subject to federal fishing moratoria or prohibition, including gold corals. The current prohibition on fishing serves as a functional equivalent of an ACL of zero.

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Pacific Remote Island Areas (Maps of Pacific Remote Island Areas: Howland, Baker, and Jarvis Islands; Johnston, Wake, and Palmyra Atolls; and Kingman Reef)
Fishery
Species
Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
No catch limits at this time.

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for any bottomfish crustacean, precious coral, or coral reef ecosystem species in the PRIA because commercial fishing is prohibited out to 50 nautical miles by Presidential Proclamation 8336 which established the Pacific Remote Island Marine National Monument (74 FR 1565, January 12, 2009).