Sustainable Fisheries Division

Juvenile tuna, photo courtesy of Dave Itano

Updated: August 18, 2016

Annual Catch Limits

For More Information

Annual catch limits (ACLs) are tools to prevent overfishing in commercial and recreational fisheries. The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) administers limits for the following Pacific Island fisheries:

Pelagic
Hawaii
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Pacific Remote Island Areas

Pelagic (view map)
Fishery
Species
Annual Limit
Estimated Catch
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bigeye Tuna
3,554 mt
3,554 mt
100%

Fishery closed.

Bigeye Tuna
500 mt
(vessels > 24m)
234 mt
47%

Fishery closed for vessels >24 m.

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for most pelagic species because they are subject to international fishing agreements or have life cycles of less than a year.

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Hawaii (view map)
Fishery
Species
Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Main Hawaiian Islands Deep 7 Bottomfish (Lehi, Ehu, Onaga, Opakapaka, Kalekale, Gindai, Hapu'upu'u)

326,000

254,145
78%
Open
Non-Deep 7 Bottomfish
TBA
Open
Crustacean
Deepwater Shrimp
TBA
Open
Kona Crab
TBA
Open
Spiny Lobster
TBA
Open
Slipper Lobster
TBA
Open
Precious Coral
Black Coral - Auau Channel
TBA
Open
Precious Corals in the Hawaii Exploratory Area
TBA
Open
Pink Coral - Makapuu Bed
TBA
Open
Pink Coral - Brooks Bank
TBA
Open
Pink Coral - 180 Fathom Bank
TBA
Open
Pink Coral - Kaena Point Bed
TBA
Open
Pink Coral - Keahole Bed
TBA
Open
Bamboo Coral - Makapuu Bed
TBA
Open
Bamboo Coral - Brooks Bank
TBA
Open
Bamboo Coral - 180 Fathom Bank
TBA
Open
Bamboo Coral - Kaena Point Bed
TBA
Open
Bamboo Coral - Keahole Bed
TBA
Open
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Selar crumenophthalmus (akule, bigeye scad)
TBA
Open
Decapterus macarellus (opelu, mackerel scad)
TBA
Open
Acanthuridae (surgeonfish)
TBA
Open
Lutjanidae (snappers)
TBA
Open
Scaridae (parrotfish)
TBA
Open
Labridae (wrasses)
TBA
Open
Mullidae (goatfish)
TBA
Open
Carangidae (jacks)
TBA
Open
Holocentridae (squirrelfish)
TBA
Open
Serranidae (groupers)
TBA
Open
Kyphosidae (rudderfish)
TBA
Open
Mollusks (octopus)
TBA
Open
Lethrinidae (emperors)
TBA
Open
Crustaceans (crabs)
TBA
Open
Mugilidae (mullets)
TBA
Open
Carcharhinidae (reef sharks)
TBA
Open
All other coral reef ecosystem species combined
TBA
Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for stocks subject to federal fishing moratoria or prohibitions. These include all species of gold coral, all species of deepwater precious coral at Wespac Bed in the NWHI, and the three Hawaii seamount groundfish: pelagic armorhead, alfonsin and raft fish. The current prohibition on fishing for these species serves as a functional equivalent of an ACL of zero.

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American Samoa (view map)
Fishery
Species
Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Bottomfish multi-species stock complex
TBA
Open
Crustacean
Deepwater Shrimp
TBA
Open
Spiny Lobster
TBA
Open
Kona Crab
TBA
Open
Slipper Lobster
TBA
Open
Precious Coral
Precious Corals in the American Samoa Exploratory Area
TBA
Open
Black Coral
TBA
Open
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Scaridae (parrotfish)
TBA
Open
Acanthuridae (surgeonfish)
TBA
Open
Lutjanidae (snappers)
TBA
Open
Selar crumenophthalmus (akule, bigeye scad)
TBA
Open
Serranidae (groupers)
TBA
Open
Carangidae (jacks)
TBA
Open
Lethrinidae (emperors)
TBA
Open
Mollusks (turbo snail, octopus, giant clams)
TBA
Open
Labridae (wrasses)
TBA
Open
Holocentridae (squirrelfish)
TBA
Open
Mullidae (goatfish)
TBA
Open
Mugilidae (mullets)
TBA
Open
Crustaceans (crabs)
TBA
Open
Kyphosidae (rudderfish)
TBA
Open
Cheilinus undulatus (Humphead "Napoleon" wrasse)
TBA
Open
Carcharhinidae (reef sharks)
TBA
Open
Bolbometopon muricatum (bumphead parrotfish)
TBA
Open
Siganidae (rabbitfish)
TBA
Open
All other coral reef ecosystem species combined
TBA
Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for stocks subject to federal fishing moratoria or prohibitions, including gold corals. The current prohibition on fishing serves as a functional equivalent of an ACL of zero.

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Guam (view map)
Fishery
Species
Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Bottomfish multi-species stock complex
TBA
Open
Crustacean
Deepwater Shrimp
TBA
Open
Spiny Lobster
TBA
Open
Kona Crab
TBA
Open
Slipper Lobster
TBA
Open
Precious Coral
Precious Corals in the Guam Exploratory Area
TBA
Open
Black Coral
TBA
Open
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Acanthuridae (surgeonfish)
TBA
Open
Scaridae (parrotfish)
TBA
Open
Lethrinidae (emperors)
TBA
Open
Selar crumenophthalmus (atulai, bigeye scad)
TBA
Open
Carangidae (jacks)
TBA
Open
Labridae (wrasses)
TBA
Open
Mollusks (octopus)
TBA
Open
Serranidae (groupers)
22,500
Open
Siganidae (rabbitfish)
TBA
Open
Lutjanidae (snappers)
TBA
Open
Mugilidae (mullets)
TBA
Open
Mullidae (goatfish)
TBA
Open
Holocentridae (squirrelfish)
TBA
Open
Kyphosidae (chubs / rudderfish)
TBA
Open
Crustaceans (crabs)
TBA
Open
Algae
TBA
Open
Cheilinus undulatus (Humphead "Napoleon" wrasse)
TBA
Open
Carcharhinidae (reef sharks)
TBA
Open
Bolbometopon muricatum (bumphead parrotfish)
TBA
Open
All other coral reef ecosystem species combined
TBA
Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for stocks subject to federal fishing moratoria or prohibitions, including gold corals. The current prohibition on fishing serves as a functional equivalent of an ACL of zero.

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Northern Mariana Islands (view map)
Fishery
Species
Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Bottomfish multi-species stock complex
TBA
Open
Crustacean
Deepwater Shrimp
TBA
Open
Spiny Lobster
TBA
Open
Kona Crab
TBA
Open
Slipper Lobster
TBA
Open
Precious Coral
Black Coral
TBA
Open
Precious Corals in the CNMI Exploratory Area
TBA
Open
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Acanthuridae (surgeonfish)
TBA
Open
Lutjanidae (snappers)
TBA
Open
Scaridae (parrotfish)
TBA
Open
Serranidae (groupers)
TBA
Open
Selar crumenophthalmus (atulai, bigeye scad)
TBA
Open
Holocentridae (squirrelfish)
TBA
Open
Labridae (wrasses)
TBA
Open
Lethrinidae (emperors)
TBA
Open
Carangidae (jacks)
TBA
Open
Mullidae (goatfish)
TBA
Open
Kyphosidae (rudderfish)
TBA
Open
Siganidae (rabbitfish)
TBA
Open
Mollusks (turbo snail, octopus, giant clams)
TBA
Open
Carcharhinidae (reef sharks)
TBA
Open
Mugilidae (mullets)
TBA
Open
Crustaceans (crabs)
TBA
Open
Cheilinus undulatus (Humphead "Napoleon" wrasse)
TBA
Open
Bolbometopon muricatum (bumphead parrotfish)
TBA
Open
All other coral reef ecosystem species combined
TBA
Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for stocks subject to federal fishing moratoria or prohibition, including gold corals. The current prohibition on fishing serves as a functional equivalent of an ACL of zero.

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Pacific Remote Island Areas (Maps of Pacific Remote Island Areas: Howland, Baker, and Jarvis Islands; Johnston, Wake, and Palmyra Atolls; and Kingman Reef)
Fishery
Species
Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
No catch limits at this time.

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for any bottomfish crustacean, precious coral, or coral reef ecosystem species in the PRIA because commercial fishing is prohibited out to 50 nautical miles by Presidential Proclamation 8336 which established the Pacific Remote Island Marine National Monument (74 FR 1565, January 12, 2009).