Sustainable Fisheries Division

Juvenile tuna, photo courtesy of Dave Itano

Updated: May 24, 2017

Annual Catch Limits

For More Information

Annual catch limits (ACLs) are tools to prevent overfishing in commercial and recreational fisheries. The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) administers limits for the following Pacific Island fisheries:

Pelagic
Hawaii
American Samoa
Guam
Mariana Archipelago - CNMI
Pacific Remote Island Areas

Pelagic (view map)
Fishery
Species
2017 Annual Limit (mt)
Estimated Catch (mt)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bigeye Tuna
3,345 (subject to change)
2,096
63%

Open

CNMI Longline
Bigeye Tuna
TBD
0
0
Open
Guam Longline
Bigeye Tuna
TBD
0
0
Open
American Samoa Longline
Bigeye Tuna
TBD
176
TBD
Open
Bigeye Tuna
500 (for vessels > 24m)
235
47%

Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for most pelagic species because they are subject to international fishing agreements or have life cycles of less than a year.

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Hawaii (view map)
Fishery
Species
2016-2017 Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Main Hawaiian Islands Deep 7 Bottomfish (Lehi, Ehu, Onaga, Opakapaka, Kalekale, Gindai, Hapu'upu'u)
318,000
206,220
64.8%
Open
Fishery
Species
2016 Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Non-Deep 7 Bottomfish
178,000
Open
Crustacean
Deepwater Shrimp
250,773
Open
Kona Crab
None
Open
Spiny Lobster
15,000
Open
Slipper Lobster
280
Open
Precious Coral
Black Coral - Auau Channel
5,512
Open
Pink Coral - Makapuu Bed
2,205
Open
Pink Coral - Brooks Bank
979
Open
Pink Coral - 180 Fathom Bank
489
Open
Pink Coral - Kaena Point Bed
148
Open
Pink Coral - Keahole Bed
148
Open
Bamboo Coral - Makapuu Bed
551
Open
Bamboo Coral - Brooks Bank
245
Open
Bamboo Coral - 180 Fathom Bank
123
Open
Bamboo Coral - Kaena Point Bed
37
Open
Bamboo Coral - Keahole Bed
37
Open
Precious Corals in the Hawaii Exploratory Area
2,205
Open
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Selar crumenophthalmus (akule, bigeye scad)
988,000
Open
Decapterus macarellus (opelu, mackerel scad)
438,000
Open
Acanthuridae (surgeonfish)
342,000
Open
Lutjanidae (snappers)
330,300
Open
Scaridae (parrotfish)
239,000
Open
Labridae (wrasses)
205,000
Open
Mullidae (goatfish)
165,000
Open
Carangidae (jacks)
161,200
Open
Holocentridae (squirrelfish)
148,000
Open
Serranidae (groupers)
128,400
Open
Kyphosidae (rudderfish)
105,000
Open
Lethrinidae (emperors)
35,500
Open
Mollusks (octopus)
31,163
Open
Crustaceans (crabs)
26,637
Open
Mugilidae (mullets)
19,200
Open
Carcharhinidae (reef sharks)
9,310
Open
All other coral reef ecosystem species combined
485,000
Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for stocks subject to federal fishing moratoria or prohibitions. These include all species of gold coral, all species of deepwater precious coral at Wespac Bed in the NWHI, and the three Hawaii seamount groundfish: pelagic armorhead, alfonsin and raft fish. The current prohibition on fishing for these species serves as a functional equivalent of an ACL of zero.

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American Samoa (view map)
Fishery
Species
2016 Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Bottomfish multi-species stock complex
106,000
Open
Crustacean
Deepwater Shrimp
80,000
Open
Spiny Lobster
4,845
Open
Kona Crab
3,200
Open
Slipper Lobster
30
Open
Precious Coral
Precious Corals in the American Samoa Exploratory Area
2,205
Open
Black Coral
790
Open
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Scaridae (parrotfish)
272,000
Open
Acanthuridae (surgeonfish)
129,400
Open
Lutjanidae (snappers)
63,100
Open
Selar crumenophthalmus (akule, bigeye scad)
37,400
Open
Serranidae (groupers)
25,300
Open
Carangidae (jacks)
19,900
Open
Lethrinidae (emperors)
19,600
Open
Mollusks (turbo snail, octopus, giant clams)
18,400
Open
Labridae (wrasses)
16,200
Open
Holocentridae (squirrelfish)
15,100
Open
Mullidae (goatfish)
11,900
Open
Mugilidae (mullets)
4,600
Open
Crustaceans (crabs)
4,300
Open
Kyphosidae (rudderfish)
2,000
Open
Cheilinus undulatus (Humphead "Napoleon" wrasse)
1,743
Open
Carcharhinidae (reef sharks)
1,615
Open
Bolbometopon muricatum (bumphead parrotfish)
235
Open
Siganidae (rabbitfish)
200
Open
All other coral reef ecosystem species combined
18,400
Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for stocks subject to federal fishing moratoria or prohibitions, including gold corals. The current prohibition on fishing serves as a functional equivalent of an ACL of zero.

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Guam (view map)
Fishery
Species
2016 Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Bottomfish multi-species stock complex
66,000
Open
Crustacean
Deepwater Shrimp
48,488
Open
Spiny Lobster
3,135
Open
Kona Crab
1,900
Open
Slipper Lobster
20
Open
Precious Coral
Precious Corals in the Guam Exploratory Area
2,205
Open
Black Coral
700
Open
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Acanthuridae (surgeonfish)
97,600
Open
Scaridae (parrotfish)
71,600
Open
Lethrinidae (emperors)
53,000
Open
Selar crumenophthalmus (atulai, bigeye scad)
50,200
Open
Labridae (wrasses)
25,200
Open
Mollusks (octopus)
23,800
Open
Serranidae (groupers)
22,500
Open
Carangidae (jacks)
21,201
Open
Siganidae (rabbitfish)
18,600
Open
Lutjanidae (snappers)
18,000
Open
Mugilidae (mullets)
17,900
Open
Mullidae (goatfish)
15,300
Open
Holocentridae (squirrelfish)
11,400
Open
Kyphosidae (chubs / rudderfish)
9,600
Open
Crustaceans (crabs)
7,300
Open
Cheilinus undulatus (Humphead "Napoleon" wrasse)
1,960
Open
Carcharhinidae (reef sharks)
1,900
Open
Bolbometopon muricatum (bumphead parrotfish)
797 (CNMI and Guam combined)
Open
All other coral reef ecosystem species combined
185,000
Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for stocks subject to federal fishing moratoria or prohibitions, including gold corals. The current prohibition on fishing serves as a functional equivalent of an ACL of zero.

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Mariana Archipelago - CNMI (view map)
Fishery
Species
2016 Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Bottomfish multi-species stock complex
228,000
Open
Crustacean
Deepwater Shrimp
275,570
Open
Spiny Lobster
7,410
Open
Kona Crab
6,300
Open
Slipper Lobster
60
Open
Precious Coral
Black Coral
2,100
Open
Precious Corals in the CNMI Exploratory Area
2,205
Open
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Acanthuridae (surgeonfish)
302,600
Open
Lutjanidae (snappers)
190,400
Open
Scaridae (parrotfish)
144,000
Open
Serranidae (groupers)
86,900
Open
Selar crumenophthalmus (atulai, bigeye scad)
77,400
Open
Holocentridae (squirrelfish)
66,100
Open
Labridae (wrasses)
55,100
Open
Lethrinidae (emperors)
53,700
Open
Carangidae (jacks)
44,900
Open
Mullidae (goatfish)
28,400
Open
Kyphosidae (rudderfish)
22,700
Open
Siganidae (rabbitfish)
10,200
Open
Mollusks (turbo snail, octopus, giant clams)
9,800
Open
Carcharhinidae (reef sharks)
5,600
Open
Mugilidae (mullets)
4,500
Open
Crustaceans (crabs)
4,400
Open
Cheilinus undulatus (Humphead "Napoleon" wrasse)
2,009
Open
Bolbometopon muricatum (bumphead parrotfish)
797 (CNMI and Guam combined)
Open
All other coral reef ecosystem species combined
7,300
Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for stocks subject to federal fishing moratoria or prohibition, including gold corals. The current prohibition on fishing serves as a functional equivalent of an ACL of zero.

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Pacific Remote Island Areas (Maps of Pacific Remote Island Areas: Howland, Baker, and Jarvis Islands; Johnston, Wake, and Palmyra Atolls; and Kingman Reef)
Fishery
Species
Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
No catch limits at this time.

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for any bottomfish crustacean, precious coral, or coral reef ecosystem species in the PRIA because commercial fishing is prohibited out to 50 nautical miles by Presidential Proclamation 8336 which established the Pacific Remote Island Marine National Monument (74 FR 1565, January 12, 2009).