Sustainable Fisheries Division

Juvenile tuna, photo courtesy of Dave Itano

Updated October 22, 2014

Annual Catch Limits

For More Information

Annual catch limits (ACLs) are tools to prevent overfishing in commercial and recreational fisheries. The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) administers limits for the following Pacific Island fisheries:

Pelagic
Hawaii
American Samoa
Guam
Northern Mariana Islands
Pacific Remote Island Areas

Pelagic (view map)
Fishery
Species
Annual Limit
Estimated Catch
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bigeye Tuna
3,763 mt
3,440 mt
91.4%

NMFS forecasts fishery will reach limit on November 12, 2014.

Bigeye Tuna
500 mt
(vessels > 24m)
401 mt
80.2%
Status: Fishery closed on October 31 - December 31, 2014

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for most pelagic species because they are subject to international fishing agreements or have life cycles of less than a year.

top
Hawaii (view map)
Fishery
Species
Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Main Hawaiian Islands Deep 7 Bottomfish (Lehi, Ehu, Onaga, Opakapaka, Kalekale, Gindai, Hapu'upu'u)

TBD

55,721
TBD
Open
Non-Deep 7 Bottomfish
145,000
Open
Crustacean
Deepwater Shrimp
250,773
Open
Kona Crab
27,600
Open
Spiny Lobster
10,000
Open
Slipper Lobster
280
Open
Precious Coral
Black Coral - Auau Channel
5,512
Open
Precious Corals in the Hawaii Exploratory Area
2,205
Open
Pink Coral - Makapuu Bed
2,205
Open
Pink Coral - Brooks Bank
979
Open
Pink Coral - 180 Fathom Bank
489
Open
Pink Coral - Kaena Point Bed
148
Open
Pink Coral - Keahole Bed
148
Open
Bamboo Coral - Makapuu Bed
551
Open
Bamboo Coral - Brooks Bank
245
Open
Bamboo Coral - 180 Fathom Bank
123
Open
Bamboo Coral - Kaena Point Bed
37
Open
Bamboo Coral - Keahole Bed
37
Open
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Selar crumenophthalmus (akule, bigeye scad)
651,292
Open
Decapterus macarellus (opelu, mackerel scad)
393,563
Open
Carangidae (jacks)
193,423
Open
Mullidae (goatfish)
125,813
Open
Carcharhinidae (reef sharks)
111,566
Open
Acanthuridae (surgeonfish)
80,545
Open
Lutjanidae (snappers)
65,102
Open
Holocentridae (squirrelfish)
44,122
Open
Mugilidae (mullets)
41,112
Open
Scaridae (parrotfish)
33,326
Open
Mollusks (turbo snails, octopus, giant clams)
28,765
Open
Crustaceans (crabs)
20,686
Open
All other coral reef ecosystem species combined
142,282
Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for stocks subject to federal fishing moratoria or prohibitions. These include all species of gold coral, all species of deepwater precious coral at Wespac Bed in the NWHI, and the three Hawaii seamount groundfish: pelagic armorhead, alfonsin and raft fish. The current prohibition on fishing for these species serves as a functional equivalent of an ACL of zero.

top
American Samoa (view map)
Fishery
Species
Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Bottomfish multi-species stock complex
101,000
Open
Crustacean
Deepwater Shrimp
80,000
Open
Kona Crab
3,200
Open
Spiny Lobster
2,300
Open
Slipper Lobster
30
Open
Precious Coral
Precious Corals in the American Samoa Exploratory Area
2,205
Open
Black Coral
790
Open
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Acanthuridae (surgeonfish)
19,516
Open
Lutjanidae (snappers)
18,839
Open
Mollusks (turbo snails, octopus, giant clams)
16,694
Open
Carangidae (jacks)
9,490
Open
Selar crumenophthalmus (atule, bigeye scad)
8,396
Open
Scaridae (parrotfish)
8,145
Open
Lethrinidae (emperors)
7,350
Open
Serranidae (groupers)
5,600
Open
Mugilidae (mullets)
2,857
Open
Holocentridae (squirrelfish)
2,585
Open
Crustaceans (crabs)
2,248
Open
Cheilinus undulatus (Humphead "Napoleon" wrasse)
1,743
Open
Carcharhinidae (reef sharks)
1,309
Open
Bolbometopon muricatum (bumphead parrotfish)
235
Open
All other coral reef ecosystem species combined
18,910
Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for stocks subject to federal fishing moratoria or prohibitions, including gold corals. The current prohibition on fishing serves as a functional equivalent of an ACL of zero.

top
Guam (view map)
Fishery
Species
Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Bottomfish multi-species stock complex
66,800
Open
Crustacean
Deepwater Shrimp
48,488
Open
Spiny Lobster
2,700
Open
Kona Crab
1,900
Open
Slipper Lobster
20
Open
Precious Coral
Precious Corals in the Guam Exploratory Area
2,205
Open
Black Coral
700
Open
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Acanthuridae (surgeonfish)
70,702
Open
Selar crumenophthalmus (atulai, bigeye scad)
56,514
Open
Carangidae (jacks)
45,377
Open
Lethrinidae (emperors)
38,720
Open
Scaridae (parrotfish)
28,649
Open
Siganidae (rabbitfish)
26,120
Open
Mullidae (goatfish)
25,367
Open
Mollusks (turbo snails, octopus, giant clams)
21,941
Open
Serranidae (groupers)
17,958
Open
Lutjanidae (snappers)
17,726
Open
Mugilidae (mullets)
15,032
Open
Kyphosidae (chubs / rudderfish)
13,247
Open
Holocentridae (squirrelfish)
8,300
Open
Carcharhinidae (reef sharks)
6,942
Open
Crustaceans (crabs)
5,523
Open
Algae
5,329
Open
Labridae (wrasses)
5,195
Open
Cheilinus undulatus (Humphead "Napoleon" wrasse)
1,960
Open
Bolbometopon muricatum (bumphead parrotfish)
797
(CNMI and Guam combined)
Open
All other coral reef ecosystem species combined
83,214
Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for stocks subject to federal fishing moratoria or prohibitions, including gold corals. The current prohibition on fishing serves as a functional equivalent of an ACL of zero.

top
Northern Mariana Islands (view map)
Fishery
Species
Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
Bottomfish
Bottomfish multi-species stock complex
228,000
Open
Crustacean
Deepwater Shrimp
275,570
Open
Spiny Lobster
5,500
Open
Kona Crab
6,300
Open
Slipper Lobster
60
Open
Precious Coral
Black Coral
2,100
Open
Precious Corals in the CNMI Exploratory Area
2,205
Open
Coral Reef Ecosystem
Lethrinidae (emperors)
27,466
Open
Carangidae (jacks)
21,512
Open
Selar crumenophthalmus (atulai, bigeye scad)
7,459
Open
Acanthuridae (surgeonfish)
6,884
Open
Carcharhinidae (reef sharks)
5,600
Open
Serranidae (groupers)
5,519
Open
Mollusks (turbo snails, octopus, giant clams)
4,446
Open
Lutjanidae (snappers)
3,905
Open
Scaridae (parrotfish)
3,784
Open
Mullidae (goatfish)
3,670
Open
Mugilidae (mullets)
3,308
Open
Siganidae (rabbitfish)
2,537
Open
Cheilinus undulatus (Humphead "Napoleon" wrasse)
2,009
Open
Bolbometopon muricatum (bumphead parrotfish)
797
(CNMI and Guam combined)
Open
All other coral reef ecosystem species combined
9,820
Open

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for stocks subject to federal fishing moratoria or prohibition, including gold corals. The current prohibition on fishing serves as a functional equivalent of an ACL of zero.

top
Pacific Remote Island Areas (Maps of Pacific Remote Island Areas: Howland, Baker, and Jarvis Islands; Johnston, Wake, and Palmyra Atolls; and Kingman Reef)
Fishery
Species
Annual Limit (lb)
Estimated Catch (lb)
% of Limit Caught
Status
No catch limits at this time.

Note: NMFS has not specified ACLs for any bottomfish crustacean, precious coral, or coral reef ecosystem species in the PRIA because commercial fishing is prohibited out to 50 nautical miles by Presidential Proclamation 8336 which established the Pacific Remote Island Marine National Monument (74 FR 1565, January 12, 2009).