Protected Resources

Species of Concern

Photos (left to right): Humphead wrasse. John Naughton; Inarticulated brachiopod. Cory Pittman; Bumphead parrotfish. John E. Randall; Hawaiian reef coral. J.E.Maragos

A "Species of Concern" (SOC) is a species or vertebrate population for which there is concern or great uncertainty about its status. SOC are not listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and are not protected by the ESA. As resources permit, NOAA Fisheries conducts a review of the status of each SOC to determine if it warrants listing as an endangered or threatened species under the ESA. NOAA Fisheries believes it is important to highlight species for which listing may be warranted so that Federal and state agencies, Native American tribes, and the private sector are aware of which species could benefit from proactive conservation efforts.

"Species of Concern" in the Pacific Islands Region FACT SHEETS

Pacific Islands Regional Office (PIRO) Focus

Examples of Supported Projects

Inarticulated brachiopod (Lingula reevii) husbandry:

In 2006, NMFS PIRO funded the Waikiki Aquarium to construct a tank built exclusively for Lingula reevii husbandry. Once basic husbandry aspects for the long-term maintenance of the L. reevii specimens was established over the course of a few years (i.e., keeping the species alive in captivity), NMFS PIRO funded the Waikiki Aquarium in 2010 to begin to develop husbandry techniques capable of producing sufficient numbers of larval or juvenile L. reevii for possible enhancement of the wild population.
Photos courtesy of the Waikiki Aquarium


Close up of full grown Lingula reevii.

Measuring Lingula reevii.

Lingula reevii holding tank. One specimen resides within each of the mesh circles

Hawaiian reef coral (Montipora dilatata) propagation:

In 2000, four fragments of Montipora dilatata coral were collected from Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, and sent to the Waikiki Aquarium where a rare corals holding tank was established to attempt to propagate the species in captivity. In 2006, NMFS PIRO funded the Waikiki Aquarium to expand the tank in order to accommodate additional propagation of M. dilatata, as well as other rare corals.
Photos courtesy of the Waikiki Aquarium


Montipora dilatata colony photographed in August 2006.

Montipora dilatata colony photographed four months later in January 2007, with visible growth of the main and satellite colonies.

Montipora propagation system, with some fragments mounted in live rock for grow out, photographed in January 2007.

Supported Projects (sorted by year of initial funding)

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

Species of Concern Documents and Annual Reports

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

Species of Concern Events

On September 3-5, 2008, the NOAA Fisheries Species of Concern National Coordinator hosted a "Cooperative Conservation of Marine and Anadromous Species Workshop" in Silver Spring, MD. The main focus of the workshop was our partnership through the Endangered Species Act Section 6 Cooperation with States Program and through the proactive Species of Concern Program. Representatives from the NOAA Fisheries Regional Office and Science Centers were present, as were representatives from each of the coastal states, territories, and tribal groups, including representatives from non-governmental organizations.

In addition to presentations, multiple regional breakout sessions were held. Topics included identifying priorities, needs, and program capacity development. Outcomes of the workshop included:

On August 21-22, 2006, in Honolulu, Hawaii, NOAA Fisheries, Protected Resources Division (PRD), hosted the first Pacific Islands Region (PIR) SOC Workshop. The purpose of this workshop was to gather information and ideas to be used in the development of the regional SOC Program. A select group of scientists knowledgeable about the four species of concern (Humphead wrasse, Bumphead parrotfish, Hawaiian reef coral, and Inarticulated brachiopod) were invited to share share their knowledge and expertise about these species' habitat, threats, as well as research, and conservation ideas. The current species status and threats were evaluated in order to develop initial conservation plans that PRD will use to guide funding, research and conservation actions in the coming years.

Contact Information

For more information, please contact:
NMFS/Pacific Islands Regional Office
(808) 725-5000

Species of Concern Events

NOAA Fisheries - Office of Protected Resources - Species of Concern