Protected Resources

ESA Section 6: Cooperation with the States

The states play an essential role in conserving and recovering plants and animals listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). Congress recognized this fact in section 6 of the ESA, "Cooperation with the States." Section 6 authorizes Federal agencies to engage in cooperative conservation agreements with state natural resource agencies and to provide financial assistance for state endangered species programs. Both the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and NOAA Fisheries (NMFS) implement section 6 to conserve and recover threatened, endangered and candidate species under their respective jurisdictions. Within the Pacific Islands Region, as of June 2011, NOAA Fisheries has entered into section 6 cooperative agreements with the state of Hawaii and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.

Section 6 Cooperative Agreements

Under section 6, NOAA Fisheries is authorized to enter into agreements with any State that establishes and maintains an "adequate and active" program for the conservation of endangered and threatened species. Once a State enters into such an agreement, NOAA Fisheries is authorized to assist in, and provide Federal funding for, implementation of the State's conservation program.

Hawaii

Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources
Honolulu, HI

Cooperative Agreement signed: August 29, 2006

Hawaii's agreement lists the following species:

Endangered Threatened

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI)

CNMI Division of Fish and Wildlife
Saipan, MP

Cooperative Agreement signed: December 03, 2009

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands' agreement lists the following species:

Endangered Threatened

*Green sea turtles are listed as threatened, except for breeding populations of green turtles in Florida and on the Pacific coast of Mexico, where they are listed as endangered.

Species Recovery Grants Program

Federal funding, provided in the form of grants, can be used to support management, outreach, research and monitoring projects that have direct conservation benefits for listed species, recently de-listed species and candidate species that reside within that State.

To be eligible for funding through the Species Recovery Grants Program, species listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) must be covered by the State's section 6 agreement. Proposed and candidate species that occur in the State do not need to be listed on the agreement to be eligible for funding.

Projects, funded through the Species Recovery Grants Program are a vital component of the broader NOAA Fisheries species recovery program. As more state partnerships are formed through the ESA section 6 program, and as additional funding becomes available, more listed and candidate marine species will benefit. Ultimately, these efforts will help to restore imperiled species and make ESA protection unnecessary and allow for de-listing of species.

Grant history:

$1,550,657 July 2010 to June 2013

Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources
Cooperative conservation and long-term management of Hawaiian monk seals and sea turtles and their habitat by reducing shoreline disturbance and nearshore fishery interactions.


$119,795 July 2009 to May 2010

Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources
Cooperative conservation of Hawaiian monk seals and sea turtles: reducing shoreline disturbances and nearshore fishery interactions.


$152,840 - October 2007 to July 2009

Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources
Cooperative Conservation of Hawaiian monk seals and sea turtles: Optimizing state agency and community participation in management, monitoring, outreach and recovery.

Additional Resources

For more information please contact:
NOAA Fisheries Service Pacific Islands Regional Office
(808) 944-2200