South Pacific Tuna Treaty

Treaty on Fisheries between the Governments of Certain Pacific Island States and the Government of the United States of America

The South Pacific Tuna Treaty entered into force in 1988, with an initial 5 year agreement, to set operational terms and conditions for the U.S. tuna purse seine fleet to fish in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPO), including waters under the jurisdiction of the Pacific Island Parties to the Treaty. The Treaty was extended in 1993, and again in 2002, when the parties agreed to amend and extend the Treaty and to extend the related Economic Assistance Agreement between the United States and the members of the Pacific Islands Forum, as represented by the Forum Fisheries Agency, for a term of 10 years. In May of 2013, representatives from the United States and the Pacific Island Parties agreed to extend the Economic Assistance Agreement for another 10 years, and signed an interim arrangement to extend the Treaty until December 31, 2014. The most recent interim arrangement to extend the Treaty was signed in 2016. The Treaty continues to be under negotiation to be amended and extended.

The South Pacific Tuna Treaty is viewed as a model of international and fishery cooperation and has helped establish fisheries observer and data reporting requirements as well as monitoring, control and surveillance standards for the region's fisheries, all of which are vital to deterring illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing.

Parties to the South Pacific Tuna Treaty
Australia Nauru Solomon Islands
Cook Islands New Zealand Tonga
Federated States of Micronesia Niue Tuvalu
Fiji Palau United States
Kiribati Papua New Guinea Vanuatu
Marshall Islands Samoa