Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument

On June 15, 2006, President Bush established the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands (NWHI) as the Papahānaumokuākea Hawaii Islands Marine National Monument (PMNM) by Presidential Proclamation 8031, providing permanent protection for the nearly 140,000 square miles of U.S. land and waters, thereby creating the world’s largest marine conservation area. The area includes the NWHI Coral Reef Ecosystem Reserve, the Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge/Battle of Midway National Memorial, the Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge, and the State of Hawaii’s NWHI Refuge. The managers of the PMNM are the NOAA (NOAA’s Fisheries Service and NOAA’s Ocean Service’s National Marine Sanctuary Program participate), the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), and the State of Hawaii.


Click on map for larger view (Jul 2006, pdf 962kB).

NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service Management Issues in the PMNM

Current Monument Management Actions

Monument Regulatory Background

Also the applicable rules for activities within the State’s refuge are in the Hawaii Administrative Rules. disclaimer

More Information on the Monument

Key Documents

Memorandum of Agreement between the State of Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources, U.S. Department of Interior Fish and Wildlife Service, and the U.S. Department of Commerce National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Ocean Service and National Marine Fisheries Service for promoting coordinated management of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands – signed 05/19/06 (May 2006, pdf 728kB)